Pilot Licencing (Glider Pilots)
Do I need a licence to fly a glider?
In the UK
Through exemption from European Law, there is currently no requirement in the UK to hold a glider pilot licence. The BGA certifies pilots under the long standing and very successful BGA Gliding Certificate and Endorsements.
Outside the UK
Pilots need to comply with the licensing requirements in the country in which they are flying. All European countries recognise the EASA LAPL(S) and SPL. Countries outside Europe will recognise an SPL. Note that the USA has verification requirements. And note that because the LAPL medical is not ICAO compliant, many non-European countries will not necessarily recognise a LAPL(S). Some countries, eg South Africa, recognise BGA pilot qualifications. If in doubt, contact the CAA in the country in which you plan to fly.
EASA pilot licencing – optional in UK until April 2018
Under European regulation, any pilot flying an EASA aircraft (including a glider) is required to hold an appropriate EASA licence and EASA medical certificate. Full details are contained in EASA’s ‘Aircrew Regulation’, which is interpreted by the CAA in CAP804. Separate licences are required for sailplanes and for aeroplanes.
However, there is a UK exemption published in the CAA’s Official Records Series 4 that describes how a pilot can choose to operate in the UK using national, BGA, or EASA licence privileges until April 2018.
So until April 2018, all glider pilots including those who have converted to hold an EASA licence can choose to operate as they always have done, including using BGA medical requirements.
It should be noted that if a pilot chooses to exercise his or her EASA licence privileges, he or she must of course comply with the relevant EASA licencing and medical requirements.
The licence conversion process and lots more detail including FAQ’s are described on the EASA licence conversion webpage.
Self-Launching – EASA SPL and LAPL(S) Holders Only
EASA SPL and LAPL(S) holders who wish to remove the self-launch limitation on their licence may do so having complied with the requirement described in the UK conversion report and CAP804. Please read this BGA self-launch training for SPL and LAPL(S) holders guidance which describes the relevant detail and should assist any SPL or LAPL(S) holder contemplating self-launch training.
Self-Launching – others
The National PPL (NPPL) is the licence of choice for many motor glider, microlight and aeroplane pilots. For full details, refer to the NPPL website.
Microlight Self-Launching Sailplanes
Non-EASA aircraft are flown in the UK under UK national requirements, ie the ANO 2016.
‘SLMG’ as referred to in the ANO 2016 includes both EASA and non-EASA examples of the same unless otherwise stated, and that when an aircraft meets the SLMG definition, it is an SLMG.
‘Sailplane’ as defined by EASA includes powered sailplanes.
A ‘glider’ is a ‘sailplane’.
In 2014, the CAA was asked to interpret the law and noted in an information notice (IN 2014/139 which following the publication of the ANO 2016 was removed. However, the interpretation remains valid) that an SLMG is ‘an aircraft with the characteristics of a non-power driven glider, which is fitted with one or more power units and is designed or intended to take off under its own power’. An example noted by the CAA in 2014 is a self-launching microlight aircraft which meets the following criteria;
- 3 axis primary flying controls
- Wingspan of at least 11 metres
- Wing mounted airbrakes or spoilers
- Designed for soaring flight
An example is the Silent Electro.
The CAA noted in 2014 that a UK SLMG class rating is equivalent to a powered sailplane endorsement established under EU regulations. Therefore the LAPL(S) and SPL (with valid self-launch or TMG privileges) are valid for the equivalent UK SLMG. The CAA warned in 2014 that the LAPL(S) and SPL are not valid for microlight aircraft that are not SLMGs.
EASA FCL.035, which applies to the SPL and LAPL(S), notes that ‘unless otherwise specified in this Part, flight time to be credited for a licence, rating or certificate shall have been flown in the same category of aircraft for which the licence, rating or certificate is sought’.
When considering recency, pilots are advised that a microlight self launching motor glider as described above is, by definition, a self-launching sailplane.