It is a personal responsibility of pilots to be fit for flight, and especially to recognise the adverse effects of short term illness, alcohol, drugs, or fatigue. Medical requirements are summarised below.
Please note that the information on this website assumes the continued application of EASA rules in the UK.
BGA Medical Requirements
The BGA accepts differing levels of fitness matched to various risk exposures as described in the BGA medical requirements listed under BGA ‘Laws and Rules’.
UK Private Pilot Licence Medical Requirements
Pilots exercising the privileges of UK national private pilot licences in the UK are required to meet the medical standard laid down by the UK CAA. With effect from late summer 2016, the minimum requirement is that the pilot makes a formal declaration to the CAA. This replaces the NPPL medical where a GP endorses a self declaration. Please note that existing valid GP endorsed medical declarations are acceptable.
If a pilot cannot make the declaration, he or she should contact an AME. An EASA class 1 or class 2 or LAPL medical certificate is an acceptable alternative.CAA Pilot Medical Declaration
EASA Medical Requirements
Other than where a CAA temporary exemption arrangement is in place, pilots exercising the privileges of an EASA SPL or PPL are required to hold an EASA class 2 medical certificate. Pilots exercising the privileges of a LAPL are required to hold as a minimum an EASA LAPL medical certificate. Please note that from 8 Apr 20, the privileges of an SPL may be exercised with either a Class 2 or a LAPL medical certificate.
Initial EASA medical certificates should be issued the by the country that issues the licence. It is possible to apply to the CAA for a ‘change of State of Licence Issue’ where the initial medical certificate was issued elsewhere under EASA rules. Subsequent revalidation/renewal can take place under any AME across Europe.
Class 2 or LAPL medical certificate?
A LAPL GP guide that describes the detail behind the LAPL medical is available here.
CAA guidance on obtaining a LAPL medical is available here.
A LAPL medical has no ECG requirement.
Unless a class 2 medical certificate is required, the BGA believes that a LAPL medical certificate will meet most pilots needs and is the least complex and least expensive option.
A class 2 (ie ICAO compliant) medical certificate will be required when using licence privileges in countries that do not utilise EASA regulation.
Medical Certificate Validity
The CAA publishes a medical certificate validity guide. See CAA medical guidance and select ‘General Aviation’.
BGA Medical Advisor
A BGA medical advisor can be contacted via the BGA office.